Cards of Wine

World Wide Wines

By Jani and Simonetta

Levels & Measures

Wine School Level 1

A simple introduction to wine

Wine School Level 1 is for everyone who have little or no knowledge of wines.

Level 1 is for people who want to learn about wine, for people who work with wine, for people who serve wine, and others who want to better answer customer queries and provide better service of wine.


Learning Outcome:

  • What is wine?
  • Principal wine styles and types
  • Basic wine characteristics
  • Stages in wine making
  • Stages in grape growing
  • Principal grapes
  • Principal wines
  • Principal food and wine pairing
  • Serving and storing wine
  • Climate effects

What is Wine?

  • How is Wine Made?
  • Sugar + yeast = Alcohol + carbon dioxid
  • Alcoholic fermentation of grapes or grape juice
  • What is a wine grape?

Principal Wine Styles

  • Red wine
  • White wine
  • Rosé wine

Principal Wine Types

  • Still wine
  • Sparkling wine
  • Fortified wine

Basic Wine Characteristics

  • Sweetness
  • Acidity
  • Tannins
  • Alcohol
  • Body

How to Make White Wine

  • Made from white grapes
  • Crushing
  • Pressing
  • Fermentation
  • Maturation
  • Aging

How to Make Red Wine

  • Made from black grapes
  • Crushing
  • Fermentation
  • Pressing
  • Maturation
  • Aging

How to Make Rosé Wine

  • Made from black grapes
  • Crushing
  • Maceration
  • Pressing
  • Fermentation

How to Make Sparkling Wine

  • Made from black and white grapes
  • Traditional method
  • Transfer method
  • Tank Method
  • Carbonation Method

Stages in Grape Growing

  • Winter Dormancy
  • Winter Pruning
  • Bud Break
  • Flowering
  • Fruit Set
  • Canopy Management
  • Ripening
  • Harvesting

Principal White Grapes

  • Chardonnay
  • Sauvignon Blanc
  • Riesling
  • Pinot Grigio
  • Pinot Blanc

Principal Black Grapes

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Pinot Noir
  • Merlot
  • Syrah/Shiraz
  • Sangiovese
  • Tempranillo

Principal Regional Wines

  • Chablis
  • Sancerre
  • Burgundy Red
  • Burgundy White
  • Bordeaux
  • Chanti
  • Rioja
  • Merlot
  • Champagne
  • Cava
  • Prosecco

Principal International Wines

  • Chardonnay
  • Pinot Noir
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Chanti
  • Rioja
  • Merlot
  • Champagne
  • Cava
  • Prosecco

Wine and Food Pairing

  • Red Wine
  • White Wine
  • Smart Rules
  • Food and wine chemistry

Serving Wine

  • Opening wine
  • Serving wine
  • Serving temperatures

Storing Wine

  • Temperature
  • Light
  • Position

Climate Effects

  • Effect of climate
  • Cold climate
  • Warm climate

Wine School Level 2

Advanced Wine Knowledge

Wine School Level 2 is for everyone who have a little knowledge of wines.

Level 2 is for people who want to learn more about wine, for people who work with wine, for people who serve wine, and others who want to better answer customer queries and provide better service of wine.

Learning Outcome:

  • White wine vinification
  • Red wine vinification
  • Rosé wine vinification
  • Champagne vinification
  • Basic wine regions
  • Wine content and grape atonomy
  • Sugar, acitity and alcohol in wine
  • Body and tannins in wine
  • Bottling and aging of wine
  • Maturation and the use of oak
  • Systematic wine tasting
  • Wine flavors and aromas
  • Pairing food and wine

White Wine Vinification

  • Made from white grapes
  • Crushing
  • Pressing
  • Fermentation
  • Maturation
  • Aging

Red Wine Vinification

  • Made from black grapes
  • Crushing
  • Fermentation
  • Pressing
  • Maturation
  • Aging

Rosé Wine Vinification

  • Made from black grapes
  • Crushing
  • Maceration
  • Pressing
  • Fermentation

Champagne Vinification

  • Made from black and white grapes
  • Pressing
  • 1st Fermentation
  • Blending
  • 2nd Fermentation
  • Riddling
  • Disgorgement
  • Dosage

Wine Regions

  • France
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • USA

Grape Atonomy

  • Skin
  • Flesh
  • Seeds
  • Stem
  • Sugar
  • Acidity
  • Aromas

Wine Content

  • Grape Juice
  • Sugar
  • Acidity
  • Tannins
  • Yeast
  • Anthocyanins
  • Stabilisers
  • Fining Agents

Body Levels in Wine

  • Light Body
  • Medium body
  • Full body

Sugar in Wine

  • Dry wine
  • Medium wine
  • Sweet wine

Did you know that extra dry champagne contains 5 times more sugar than normal wine.

Tannins in Wine

  • High tannins
  • Medium tannins
  • Low tannins
  • no tannins

White Wine Flavors

  • Citrus
  • Green fruit
  • Yellow fruit
  • Tropical
  • Herbs
  • Flowers
  • Minerals

Red Wine Flavors

  • Red fruit
  • Black fruit
  • Red berries
  • Black berries
  • Flowers
  • Spices
  • Oak

Wine Colors

  • Light body
  • Medium body
  • Full body

Wine and Food Pairing

  • Red Wine
  • White Wine
  • Smart Rules
  • Food and wine chemistry

Women in Wine

Alcohol can be addictive. Drink in moderation.

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