Cards of Wine

Red Wine Flavors

Red Berries


Strawberry
Strawberry
Raspberry
Raspberry
Redcurrant
Redcurrant
Cranberry
Cranberry

Strawberry and Raspberry flavors are found in fruity red wines with medium to high acidity: French Pinot Noir and Gamay. Italian Barbera and Chianti. Spanish Tempranillo.

Red Currant and Cranberry notes are found in cold climate Pinot Noir and Grenache.

Cherries


Red Cherry
Red Cherry
Black Cherry
Black Cherry

The flavors of Cherries span from red to black, and from fresh to sweet.

Red Cherries are found in young Pinot Noir. Black Cherries are found in mature Pinot Noir.

Red Cherry flavors are found in: French Beaujolais, North Italian Barbera, Bardolino and Valpolicella, Italian Sangiovese wines, Chianti and Brunello, Italian Nebbiolo wines, Barolo and Barbaresco.

Black Cherry notes are found in Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc.

Plums


Plum
Red Plum
Plum
Black Plum
Prunes
Prunes

The flavors of Plums can span from red to black, from freshness to sweetness to Prunes.

Red Plum flavors are found in easy-drinking red wines like Barbera, Pinot Noir, and Merlot.

Black Plum flavors are found in full bodied red wines like Cabernet Sauvingnon, Red Bordeaux (France), Sangiovese (Italy), Super Tuscan (Italy), and Touriga Nacional (Portugal).

Notes of Prunes can be found in many red wines with concentrated fruit flavours, like Italian Sangiovese and Barbera wines, rich Malbec wines, Petite Sirah wines, rich Syrah wines, and rich Grenache wines from warmer climates.

Black Berries


Blueberry
Blueberry
Blackcurrant
Blackcurrant
Blackberry
Blackberry
Black Olive
Black Olive

Blueberry flavors are typically found in French Mourvedre, American Petite Sirah, and French Syrah.

Black Currant notes are typically found in Cabernet Sauvignon.

Blackberry flavors are typically found in Italian Dolcetto, Italian Nero d'Avola, Portuguese Touriga National, and in warmer climate Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah/Shiraz.

Black Olive aromas are identified by ripeness and can be found in Syrah/Shiraz and California Cabernet Sauvignon.

Flowers


Roses
Lavender
Violet
Violet
Roses
Rose

Lavender aromas can be found in Sangiovese based wines, warm climate Pinot Noir, Barbera, Tempranillo, Mourvèdre, Petit Verdot, Syrah / Shiraz and Grenache.

Violet aromas can be found in Nebbiolo based wines like Barolo and Barbaresco.

Rose flavors can be found in some Nebbiolo based wines, Pinot Noir, Gamay, Grenache and Sangiovese.

Sweet (Jammy)


Jam
Jam
Fig
Fig
Raisins
Raisins
Chocolate
Chocolate

Warm climate Pinot Noir can have hints of strawberry jam. Full-bodied Syrah/Shiraz can have notes of blackberry jam, while Sangiovese and Barbera wines from Italy may have notes of both raspberry and plum jam.

The New World has jammy wines such as Zinfandel, Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Grenache.

Fig flavors can be found in Appassimento wines like Ripasso, Amarone, and Primitivo Passitivo.

Raisin flavors are typical for wines made from dried grapes, like Amarone from Italy, and passito wines like Primitivo Passitivo. You may also find some raisins notes in Syrah/Shiraz wines.

Chocolate flavors can be found in both Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet franc, and also in Argentinian Malbec.

Spices


Bell Pepper
Bell Pepper
Licorice
Licorice
Spices
Spices
Pepper
Pepper

Bell Pepper aromas come from a compound called "pyrazines" and is found in Bordeaux-family grapes like Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Carménère, and Malbec.

Licorice notes can come together with black fruit flavours in Syrah blends from Rhône, and with violet and rose aromas in Italian Nebbiolo wines.

The taste of Spices is assosiated with Côtes du Rhône South (GSM wines).

Syrah have notable Black Pepper notes, and Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc can have Green Pepper aromas. Pepper notes are also often found in Pinot Noir.

Meat


Meat
Meat
Bacon
Game
Bacon
Bacon

Meat aromas can be found in full-bodied red wines like Bordeaux, Syrah, and Shiraz.

Game is a lighter aroma, like hung mead, that can be found in fruit-driven wines like Pinot Noir, Barbaresco, and Rioja.

Aromas of bacon or smoked meat can be found in North Rhône Syrah wines, and in South African Pinotage.

Fermentation Flavors


Oak
Oak
Nuts
Almonds
Mushroom
Mushroom
Banana
Banana

Almonds are associated with bitterness. It can be created during fermentation and/or carbonic maceration. It can also come from the yeast.

You can sense tasty Bitter Almonds in Italian Valpolicella.

Banana aromas can come from a fermentation process called carbonic maceration, commonly used in the production of Beaujolais.

American Oak

American Oak tends to taste Vanilla, Coconut, Sweet Spices, and Dill:


Vanilla
Vanilla
Coconut
Coconut
Dill
Dill
Cinnamon
Cinnamon

French Oak

French Oak tends to taste Toast, Hazelnuts, Savory Spices, and Roasted Coffee.


Toast
Toast
Nuts
Hazelnuts
Cloves
Cloves
Coffee
Coffee

Other Oak Flavors


Oak
Wood
Smoke
Smoke
Spices
Spices
Tea
Tea
Tobacco
Tobacco
Leather
Leather

Oak aging can add Tobacco notes to wine. Tobacco notes are found in Châteauneuf-du-Pape, and in Bordeaux and Nebbiolo wines, like Barolo and Barbaresco.

Leather aromas can be found in Barbera, Pinot Noir, Malbec, Merlot, Syrah, and Cabernet Sauvignon.

Good Leather aromas are caused by tannins, and can be described as new saddle, new bag, and new gloves.

Un-pleasant Leather aromas are caused by Brettanomyces yeast (British fungus / Brett) and can be described as sweaty saddle, old boots, and wet dog.