Cards of Wine

White Wine Flavors

Citrus

Lemon
Lemon
Lime
Lime
Grapefruit
Grapefruit

Lemon, Lime, and Grapefruit have a lot of acid.

These flavors are easiest to find in young and dry white wines like Chablis, Dry Riesling, Vermentino, Verdejo, Albariño, and Txakoli.

Italian Pinot Grigio can be as refreshing as a cold glass of lemonade on a hot summer day.


Orange
Orange
Orange
Mandarin

Oranges and Madarins have less acid.

Orange flavors can be found in Rieslings or Chardonnays from warmer climates.

Mandarin flavors are more often found in sweet wines or in off-dry white wines like Gewürztraminer.


Apple

Green Apple
Green
Apple
Yellow Apple
Yellow
Apple
Red Apple
Red
Apple

Apple flavors are almost always found in Cardonnays, from fresh to dull, from green to red, from tart to ripe.

Green, yellow, and red apple flavors are often used to describe how ripe a Riesling is. In cool climates (Mosel in Germany) Riesling tend to display Citrus and green Apple flavors, while in warmer climates (Alsace in France), the Apple notes tends to move towards more ripe Apples.

Green Apple flavors are typically fond in Pinot Grigio, Pinot Blanc, Grüner Veltliner. Ripe Apple flavors are typically found in Chenin Blanc.


Pear

Pear
Green
Pear
Pear
Yellow
Pear

Green Pear flavors are typically found in dry white wines like Albariño (Spain), Alvarinho (Portugal), Assyrtiko (Greece), Pinot Gris (France), Arneis (Italy) and Pinot Grigio (Italy).

Yellow Pear flavors, are typically found in fruity white wines like Chenin Blanc, Marsanne (France), and Pinot Gris (France).


Pyrazines

Bell Pepper
Bell Pepper
Gooseberry
Gooseberry

Bell Pepper aromas come from a compound called "pyrazines" and is found in Bordeaux-family grapes like Sauvignon Blanc.

Goosberry notes are also typically found in Sauvignon Blanc. This flavor note is often called cat's pee!


Herbs

Grass
Grass
Leaves
Currant Leaves
Herbs
Herbs
Herbs
Asparagus

Kitchen garden and herbs aromas are the trademarks of Sauvignon Blanc.

Grass flavors are typical for cold climate Sauvignon Blanc (France). Black Currant Leaves is typical for all Sauvignon Blanc. Asparagus aromas are typical for worm climate Sauvignon Blanc (New Zealand).


Tropical

Peach
Peach
Nectarine
Nectarine
Mango
Mango
Melon
Melon

Peach, Mango, and Melon have flavor profiles that are both fresh and sweet.

Melon flavors are often found in full-bodied Chardonnays from warmer climates, and in Pinot Gris from Alsace. Melon flavors can also be found in some Rosé wines, and in fruity sparkling wines like Italian Prosecco.

Pineapple
Pineapple
Passion Fruit
Passion
Fruit
Fig
Fig
Honey
Honey

Both Pineapple and Passionfruit have flavor profiles that are sweeter than Citrus but fresher than Mango and Melon.

Pinapple notes are often found in Rieslings from warmer climates, and in late harvest Rieslings like off-dry Riesling Spätlese from Germany.

Passion Fruit notes are often found in Gewürztraminer from Alsace and in warmer climates Sauvignon Blancs and Chenin Blancs.

Honey aromas can be found in ripe Chenin Blanc and Riesling.


Flowers

Flowers
White Flowers
Roses
Roses

White flower aromas are typical for cold climate whites like Pinot Blanc, Silvaner, French Savoie / Jacquère, and Piedmont whites (Arneis and Gavi).

Rose aromas are more typical for warm climate whites like Moschofilero (Greece)


Minerals

Slate
Slate
Stone
Stone
Flint
Flint
Steel
Steel

Minerals are most often used to describe white wines. The mineral notes are connected to the acidity of the wine, and are often described the aroma of slate, wet stone, or flint.

The term chalky can also be used for flint and slate notes in high acidic wines from cool climates like Chardonnay from Chablis and Sauvignon Blanc from Loire.

Steel can be used to describe a metallic taste in high acidity cool climate wines like dry Riesling and Chablis.


Oak Added

Butter
Butter
Nuts
Almonds
Oak
Coffee
Oak
Oak

Butter flavor is normally associated with white wine. It can be produced during malolactic fermentation or oak-ageing. Oaked Chardonnay is a typical example.

Almond aromas are often found in Italian Soave.

Coffee aroma almost always come from oak barrel toasting (burning).


Vanilla
Vanilla
Coconut
Coconut
Toast
Toast
Nuts
Hazelnuts

Vanilla, Coconut, Toast, and Hazelnuts are aromas that can help you to understand the difference between oaked and un-oaked white wine.

In white wine, American Oak is known to add notes of Vanilla and Coconut, while French Oak adds notes of Toast (Smoke) and Hazelnuts.

Hazelnut aromas can be found in Bordeaux Blanc.