Cards of Wine

Italian Wine Regions

Italy

Italy has many thousand years of wine production history, and it is one of the largest and most famous wine producing country in the world.

The most famous Italian wine regions are Toscana, Piemonte, and Veneto:

Toscana (Tuscany)

Toscana is famous for the city of Firenze, and red wines made from Sangiovese.

Toscana

Toscana is most famous for the majestetic city of Firenze.

On the wine side, the region is best known for the Sangiovese based red wines:

  • Chianti Classico
  • Brunello di Montalcino
  • Vino Nobile di Montepulciano.

A copy of the Bordeaux Blend, named Super Tuscan, is also popular all over the world.

Vermentino is the best known white wine from the coastline, and Vernaccia is an internationally recognised white wine from the medieval town of San Gimignano.

On the sweet side, Vin Santo ("Holy Wine") is the national drink in Tuscany.

Toscana has 11 DOCGs:

Sangiovese:

Chianti DOCG (70% Sangiovese)
Chianti Classico DOCG (80% Sangiovese)
Brunello di Montalcino DOCG (100% Sangiovese)
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG (70% Sangiovese)
Montecucco Sangiovese DOCG (90% Sangiovese)
Morellino di Scansano DOCG (85% Sangiovese)

Super Tuscan:

Carmignano DOCG (Sangiovese, Cab Sauvignon/Franc, Merlot)
Suvereto Rosso DOCG (Cab Sauvignon, Merlot)
Val di Cornia Rosso DOCG (Sangiovese, Cab Sauvignon, Merlot)

White:

Vernaccia di San Gimignano DOCG (85% Vernatcha)

Passito:

Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG (100% Aleatico)

Piemonte (Piedmont)

Piemonte has been an important wine province since Roman times. The area is influenced both culturally and climatically by the Alps in the north, and the Ligurian coast in the south.

Piemonte

Primary Grapes:

Barbera (30%)
Moscato (20%)
Dolcetto (15%)
Nebbiolo (10%)

Piemonte

Nebbiolo (the power of the Barolo and Barbaresco) is the most famous grape of Piemonte, followed by the red grapes Barbera and Dolcetto.

For whites, Cortese and Arneis are the most popular grapes.

For dessert, the off-dry, sparkling Moscato d'Asti is the queen.

The most important wine regions are:

  • Asti (Barbera d'Asti)
  • Langhe (Nebbiolo, Barolo, Barbaresco, Barbera di Alba, Dolcetto, Roero)
  • Monferrato (Barbera del Monferrat, Nizza, Cortese di Gavi)
  • North (Gattinara, Ghemme)

Piemonte has 17 DOCG regions:

Veneto

Veneto is famous for its capital Venezia, and the wines Prosecco, Soave, and Amarone.

Veneto

Primary Grapes:

Glera 25% (Prosecco)
Garganega 15% (Soave)
Corvina 11% (Amarone)
Merlot 11%
Pinot Grigio 10%

Italian Grapes (2017)

Sangiovese
54 000 hectares
Montepulciano
27 000
Glera
27 000
Pinot Grigio
25 000
Merlot
24 000
Trebbiano
21 000
Chardonnay
20 000
Barbera
18 000

Trentino-Alto Adige

Trentino-Alto Adige is located in northern Italy.

The capial is Trento.

Alto Adige is also called Südtirol (South Tyrol).

Italian and German are official languages, but the locals also speak Ladin.

Before 1918, Südtirol was part of the Austrian-Hungarian empire, but was annexed to Italy after the first World War.

Early wine production was dominated by Austrian red wines like Lagrein and Vernatch (Schiava).

Today white wines are more important, mostly Pinot Grigio, Gewürztraminer, Pinot Bianco, and Chardonnay.

Upcoming wines are Savignon Blanc and Pinot Nero.

Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Friuli-Venezia Giulia is best known for its capital Trieste.

White Wines:

Pinot Grigio
Chardonnay
Friulano
Ribolla
Malvasia Secco

Sparkling Wines:

Prosecco

Red Wines:

Merlot

Primary Grapes:

Pinot Grigio (25%)
Merlot (15%)
Friulano (10%)

Lombardia (Lombardy)

Lombardia, in the north of Italy, is one of the richest regions in Europe.

The capital Milano is the largest metropolitan area in Italy with about 10 million inhabitants.

Lombardia is blessed with spectacular lakes: Como, Maggiore, Garda, and Iseo.

Lombardia has 5 DOCG Regions.

Lombardia

Primary Grapes:

Croatina (17%)
Pinot Nero (15%)
Chardonnay (13%)
Barbera (12%)

Valle d'Aosta

Valle d'Aosta has a population of less than 130.000.

Italian and French are official languages, but the population also speak Valdôtain.

The Capital is Aosta.

Listed Wines:

Petit Rouge
Nebbiolo

Primary Grapes:

Petit Rouge (20%)
Nebbiolo (10%)

Liguria

Tourists know Liguria as the Italian Riviera. The Capital is Genova.

Listed White Wines:

Pigato
Rossese Bianco
Vermentino

Listed Red Wines:

Rossese di Dolceacqua

Primary Grapes:

Vermentino (45%)
Rossese (10%)

Emilia Romagna

Bologna (the capital) and the other big cities, Parma, and Modena are known as the mecca of food.

In the wine world, Emilia Romagna is best known for Lambrusco.

Red Wines:

Lambrusco
Sangiovese

White Wines:

Pignoletto
Albana di Romagna

Primary Grapes:

Trebbiano (30%)
Lambrusco (20%)
Sangiovese (15%)

Marche

Marche is located on the Adriatic coast. The Capital is Ancona.

Red Wines:

Montepulciano
Sangiovese

White Wines:

Passerina
Pecorino
Verdicchio

Primary Grapes:

Montepulciano (20%)
Sangiovese (20%)
Verdicchio (15%)

Umbria

Umbria is located in the center of Italy. The Capital is Perugia.

Red Wines:

Montefalco
Sangiovese
Sagrantino

White Wines:

Orvieto
Trebbiano
Grechetto

Primary Grapes:

Sangiovese (22%)
Trebbiano (17%)
Grechetto (13%)

Abruzzo

Abruzzo is located in central Italy. The capital is L'Aquila.

Red Wines:

Montepulciano d'Abruzzo
Cerasuolo d'Abruzzo

White Wines:

Trebbiano d'Abruzzo
Pecorino

Rosé Wines:

Cerasuolo d'Abruzzo

Primary Grapes:

Montepulciano (60%)
Trebbiano (30%)

Lazio

Lazio is located is located between the Apennines and the Mediterranean Sea.

The capital is Roma.

White Wines:

Frascati
Trebbiano
Malvasia

Primary Grapes:

Malvasia (30%)
Trebbiano (30%)

Molise

Molise is located on the Adriatic coast. It is Italy’s second smallest region.

The capital is Campobasso.

Red Wines:

Montepulciano
Sangiovese

White Wines:

Trebbiano

Primary Grapes:

Montepulciano (50%)
Trebbiano (10%)

Basilicata

Basilicata is known for the Unesco city of Matera. The Capital is Potenza.

Red Wines:

Aglianico

White Wines:

Moscato

Primary Grape:

Aglianico (55%)

Calabria

Calabria, on the Italian "toe", is separated from Sicilia by the Strait of Messina.

The Capital is Catanzaro.

Red Wines:

Gaglioppo

Primary Grape:

Gaglioppo (50%)

Campania

Campania is one of the oldest wine regions in Italy. The capital is Napoli.

The grapes in Campania were introduced by the Greeks and cultivated by the Romans.

The name "Campania" derives from "Campania Felix" ("Happy Land").

Red Wines:

Aglianico

White Wines:

Fiano
Falanghina Greco
Greco di Tufo

Primary Grape:

Aglianico (35%)

Puglia (Apulia)

Puglia is not very famous in the wine world, but the interest is growing.

The capital is Bari.

Red Wines:

Negroamaro
Primitivo
Primitivo Passitivo
Sangiovese
Nero di Troia
Aglianico

White Wines:

Trebbiano

Rosé Wines:

Negroamaro Rosato

Primary Grapes:

Primitivo (15%)
Negromamro (15%)
Sangiovese (15%)
Trebbiano (13%)

Sardegna (Sardinia)

Sardegna is best known for vacation and beaches. The capital is Cagliari.

In the wine world, Sardegna is best known for the white Vermentino and the red Cannonau.

Red Wines:

Cannonau (Garnacha)
Carignano

White Wines:

Vermentino
Moscato Bianco

Primary Grapes:

Cannonau (35%)
Vermentino (30%)

Sicilia (Sicily)

Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean. The capital is Palermo.

It is known for old ruins, sandy beaches, seafood, and the Marsala dessert wine.

Sicily is also well respected for the dry wines of Etna and Vittoria.

Sicilia

Primary Grapes:

Catarratto (35%)
Nero d’Avola (15%)