Cards of Wine

White Grapes


Principal WhitesOrigin
Chardonnay Bougund France
Sauvignon Blanc Loire France
Riesling Mosel/Rhein Germany
Pinot Grigio North East Italy
Pinot Blanc Bougund France

Chardonnay


Chardonnay

Chardonnay is a village in South Burgundy, and Chardonnay is the most popular white wine grape in the world.

Chardonnay is a grape with a limited (not very aromatic) taste. It produces neutral wines that need help to become interesting.

This can be done in several ways. One common way is to ferment or store the wine in oak barrels.

Chardonnay also easily absorbs the taste of the soil (terroir), and this is consciously used to complement Chardonnay's taste profile in Europe.

Quality Chardonnay wines always have a round character, a great length, and a rich after-taste, but Chardonnay shows a multitude of styles all over the world, from totally uninteresting, strong alcoholic wines with artificial fruit aromas, to the world's most sublime, perfect balanced wines.

In cool climates, Chardonnay can have a light body with noticeable acidity and flavors of citrus, green apple, and pear.

In warmer locations the flavors are more yellow apple, peach, melon, and tropical fruit such as pinapple.

Typical Flavors:

Citrus
Citrus
Apple
Apple
Peach
Peach
Pineapple
Pineapple

Oak Added Flavors:

Vanilla
Vanilla
Butter
Butter
Toast
Toast
Hazelnuts
Hazelnuts

Sauvignon Blanc


Sauvignon Blanc

Sauvignon Blanc is one of the most popular grapes in the world. It originates from Bordeaux and/or the Loire Valley in France. The name means "Wild White".

Sauvignon Blanc is very aromatic. It is known for high fruit and green herbal aromas.

Depending on climate and terroir, the primary aromas can change from grassy to tropical.

Unripe grapes (cold regions) produce lime, grapefruit, apple, and gooseberry flavors, together with herb qualities like fresh-cut grass, black current leaves, and green pepper.

Ripe grapes (warm regions) add tropical fruit aromas like melon, peach, passion fruit, and lychee.

However, the herbal green character is a common denominator wherever it is grown.

Apple
Apple
Grapefruit
Grapefruit
Peach
Peach
Passion Fruit
Passion
Gooseberry
Gooseberry
Grass
Cut Grass
Bell Pepper
Green Pepper
Asparagus
Asparagus

Riesling


Riesling

The Riesling grape is very aromatic. It displays strong citrus and tree-fruit notes (green to yellow apples) with noticable high acidity.

Warmer climates can add more peach and orange notes.

Riesling is used to produce dry, semi-dry and sweet white wines, sparkling wines, and dessert wines.

Riesling wines are made, because of their acid, often semi-dry or sweet. Dry Riesling is primarily a food wine. Alone, the wines may seem a bit astringent and sour.

Citrus, Apple, and white Fruit flavors are typical for Riesling, with hints of Flowers, Herbs, and Steely Minerals:

Apple
Apple
Lemon
Lemon
Nectarine
Nectarine
Flowers
Flowers

Pinot Grigio


Pinot Grigio

Pinot Grigio originates from Burgundy (Pinot Gris), but is cultivated in Italy and in Alsace (France). It also grows in Germany and Austria under the name of Grauburgunder.

The Italians prefer their Pinot Grigio fresh and light. Therefore, they harvest the grape earlier than is common in Alsace. Two distinctive style differences occur: fresh and light Italian Pinot Grigio, and rich and powerfull Pinot Gris.

To retain the fruity and citrusy aromas, Pinot Grigio is fermented in Steel Tanks (not in oak).

Crispy Lemon, Apple, and Pear flavors are typical for Pinot Grigio, with hints of Minerals:

Lemon
Lemon
Apple
Apple
Pear
Pear
Mineral
Flint

Pinot Blanc


Pinot Blanc

Pinot Blanc is produced under different names in various European wine regions.

  • Pinot Blanc - France
  • Pinot Bianco - Italy
  • Weisburgunder - Germany/Austria

The grape is used to produce full bodied wines, light dry wines, sparkling wines, and dessert wines.

Citrus and Green Fruit flavors are typical for Pinot Blanc, with hints of Nuts, and Minerals.

Lime
Lime
Apple
Apple
Pear
Pear
Almonds
Almonds