Cards of Wine

Wine Aromas and Flavors

Aromas are in the Nose. Flavors are in the Mouth.

Aroma Sources

The aromas and flavors of wines can come from many sources:

  • The Grapes
  • The Yeast
  • The Production
  • The Maturation


Fruit Aromas and Flavors

The vast majority of wines have fruit aromas and flavors.


Oak Flavors

Wine fermented or matured in oak barrels can have flavors of wood, oak, cedar, smoke, toast, hazelnuts, vanilla, coconut, cloves, and other spices.


Climate and Ripeness

The climate can influence the flavors:

Cold Climate

  • Less Ripe Grapes
  • More Acidity
  • More Green Fruit and Citrus Flavors

Warm Climate

  • More Ripe Grapes
  • More Sugar
  • More Yellow and Tropical Fruit Flavors

Wine Colors

The color is derived from the grape skin.

If the skins are thin, or removed before fermentation, the color will be lighter or white.

White Wine

No contact between juice and skins.

White grapes.

Rosé Wine

Short contact between juice and skins.

Black grapes.

Orange Wine

Long contact between juice and skins.

White grapes.

Red Wine

Long contact between juice and skins.

Black grapes.

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