Cards of Wine

Spumante / Frizzante (Italy)

Both Spumante and Frizzante are Italian for "Sparkling".

Both are wide classes used to describe different production methods.

Prosecco Franciacorta

Italian Sparkling

In Italy, Sparkling wines are called Frizzante or Spumante.


Frizzante wines have light bubbles (2.5 - 3.5 bars of pressure).

The most famous Italian Frizzante wines are:

Moscato d'Asti
Pignoletto Frizzante

Most Frizzante wines are made using the "Charmat" method.


The Charmat method is quicker and cheaper than the Champagne method.

With this method, wine, yeast, and sugar are mixed into a steel tank. The tank is sealed, and when the yeast consumes sugar, it releases bubbles in the wine.


Spumante wines are fully sparkling (4 - 6 bars of pressure).

The most famous Italian Spumante wines are:

Asti Spumante
Pignoletto Spumante
Prosecco Spumante

Italian Spumante wines are produced either with the Charmat method or Metodo Classico.

Metodo Classico

Metodo Classico is the Italian name for wines produced the same way as Champagne.

Alta Langa DOCG
Franciacorta DOCG
Greco di Tufo DOCGG
Oltrepò Pavese DOCG
Trentodoc DOC

Sugar Levels

EC 607/2009
Brut Nature (Brut Zero)0-33
Extra Brut 0-6 5
Brut 0-12 7
Extra Dry (Extra Sec, Extra Seco) 12-17 10
Dry (Sec, Seco) 17-32 20
Demi (Semi) 32-50 30
Doux (Sweet, Dulce) 50+ 30+

Alcohol can be addictive. Drink in moderation.

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