Cards of Wine

Franciacorta (Italy)

Italian Franciacorta is produced the same way as French Champagne.

In Italy the production method is called Metodo Classico or Metodo Tradizionale.

Typical Flavors


Lemon
Citrus
Apple
Apple
Pear
Pear
Strawberry
Strawberry

Fermentation Flavors

Vanilla
Vanilla
Bread
Bread
Nuts
Nuts

Citrus, Apple, Pear, and Strawberry are typical Franciacorta flavors.

Fermentation notes of Vanilla, Yeast and Nuts.

Profile

Franciacorta has much the same profile as Champagne:

SUGARDry
BODYMedium
FRUITMedium
ACIDITYHigh
Serving temperatures:
10-12°C (50-54°F)
Full body 10-12°C (50-54°F)

Food Pairing

You can drink sparkling wine to almost everything.

Whether it is French Champagne, Spanish Cava, or Italian Prosecco.


Aperitif
Aperitif
Salads
Salads
Tapas
Tapas
Sandwitch
Sandwitch

Crab
Seafood
Oysters
Oysters
Salmon
Salmon
Sushi
Sushi

French Fries
Fries
Chicken
Chicken
Turkey
Turkey
Pork
Pork

Egg
Egg Dishes
Pasta
Pasta
Risotto
Risotto
Soft Cheese
Soft Cheese

Sparkling wine pairs well with salty food, because the bubbles break up the salt in the mouth.

The acidity and bubbles also pair well with rich food, creamy and oily dishes.

Pairing Suggestions

Excellent pairings:
Caesar Salad. Seafood Salad.
Hors-d'œuvre. Sandwich. Focaccia.
Tapas. Ham. Serrano. Prosciutto.
Seafood. Oysters. Clams.
Crab. Lobster. Caviar.
Cod. Tuna. Smoked Salmon.
Fried Chicken. Turkey. Pork.
Egg Dishes. Omelettte. Risotto.
Pasta. Ravioli. Macaroni with Cheese.
Asian Food. Springrolls.
Sushi. Sashimi.

Cheese:
Soft and Fresh Cheeses.
Brie. Camembert.
Feta. Chèvre. Fontina. Creamy Blue.
Washed-Rind. Chaource. Robiola.

French Spesialities:
Reims Ham in Reims Mustard.
Poulet au champagne (Chicken with Champagne).

Italian Specialities:
Risotto with Asparagus.
White Fish (Sea Bass) with Polenta.
Lasagne with White Sauce.

Franchacorta DOCG

Franciacorta is a DOCG since 1995. It was the first Italian area to obtain a DOCG for production of Metodo Classico wines:

The production method is the same as for French Champagne (Méthode Champenois).

The minimum ageing ranges from 18 months to several years for Riservas.

Franciacorta is more similar to Champagne than to Prosecco. It tastes like Champagne but it is cheaper and needs less "dosage" (added sugar for the second fermentation), because the warmer climate gives the grapes a higher sugar content.

Méthode Champenoise

Wine Glass

Méthode Champenoise is the method used to produce French Champagne.

The Method

After primary fermentation and bottling, a second fermentation is started by adding the yeast Saccharomyces Cerevisiae and sugar to the bottle.

After about 1 year, the Champagne bubbles are completely developed.

The method is used for:

New Names

Méthode Champenoise is now reserved (by EU) for wines produced in Champagne.

Other regions must use other terms:

CountryName
EnglandTraditional Method
FranceMéthode Traditionnelle
SpainMétodo Tradicional
PortugalMétodo Tradicional
ItalyMetodo Classico
Metodo Tradizionale
GermanyKlassische Flaschengärung

Blanc de Blanc

Blanc de Blanc

Blanc de Blanc means "White from Whites".

Only White grapes are used in the production.

The typically grape is Chardonnay.

It can also be another grape like Pinot Blanc, or a blend.

In Spain they use Spanish grapes like Macabeo, Parellada, and Xarel-lo.

In Germany they often use German Riesling.

Blanc de Blanc

Blanc de Noir

Blanc de Noir meanis "White from Blacks".

Only Red grapes are used in the production.

The typical grape is Pinot Noir.

It can also be another grape like Pinot Meunier, or a blend.

In Spain they often use the local grape Monastrell.

Sugar Levels

Regulation
EC 607/2009
Sugar
gram/litre
Calories
/glass
Brut Nature (Brut Zero)0-33
Extra Brut 0-6 5
Brut 0-12 7
Extra Dry (Extra Sec, Extra Seco) 12-17 10
Dry (Sec, Seco) 17-32 20
Demi (Semi) 32-50 30
Doux (Sweet, Dulce) 50+ 30+

Lombardia (Lombardy)

Lombardia, in the north of Italy, is one of the richest regions in Europe.

The capital Milano is the largest metropolitan area in Italy with about 10 million inhabitants.

Lombardia is blessed with spectacular lakes: Como, Maggiore, Garda, and Iseo.

Lombardia has 5 DOCG Regions.

Red Wines:

Valtellina Superiore
Sforzato di Valtellina
Moscato di Scanzo
Red Oltrepò Pavese

White Wines:

Lugana
Pinot Grigio
Turbiana
White Oltrepò Pavese

Sparkling Wines:

Franciacorta
Sparkling Oltrepò Pavese

Primary Grapes:

Croatina (17%)
Pinot Nero (15%)
Chardonnay (13%)
Barbera (12%)