Cards of Wine

Crémant de Bordeaux (France)

Crémant wines are produced the same way as Champagne, but often with other grapes.

The primary grapes used in Crémant de Bordeaux are Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Petit Verdot.

Typical Flavors


Lemon
Citrus
Apple
Apple
Pear
Pear
Strawberry
Strawberry

Fermentation Flavors

Butter
Butter
Bread
Yeast
Bread
Bread
Almonds
Almonds

Oak Added Flavors

Oak
Oak
Vanilla
Vanilla
Toast
Toast
Nuts
Nuts

Citrus, Apple, Pear, and Strawberry are typical Crémant flavors.

Fermentation added notes of Vanilla, Yeast and Almonds.

Oak added notes of Vanilla, Yeast, and Nuts.

Profile

Crémant wines have much the same profile as Champagne:

SUGARDry
BODYMedium
FRUITMedium
ACIDITYHigh
Serving temperatures:
10-12°C (50-54°F)

Food Pairing

You can drink Sparkling Wines to almost everything.

Whether it is French Champagne, Spanish Cava, or Italian Prosecco.


Aperitif
Aperitif
Salads
Salads
Tapas
Tapas
Sandwitch
Sandwitch

Crab
Seafood
Oysters
Oysters
Salmon
Salmon
Sushi
Sushi

French Fries
Fries
Chicken
Chicken
Turkey
Turkey
Pork
Pork

Egg
Egg Dishes
Pasta
Pasta
Risotto
Risotto
Soft Cheese
Soft Cheese

Sparkling Wines pair well with salt, because the bubbles break up the salt in the mouth.

Acidity and bubbles also pair well with rich food and creamy and oily dishes.

Pairing Suggestions

Excellent pairings:
Caesar Salad. Seafood Salad.
Hors-d'œuvre. Sandwich. Focaccia.
Tapas. Ham. Serrano. Prosciutto.
Seafood. Oysters. Clams.
Crab. Lobster. Caviar.
Cod. Tuna. Smoked Salmon.
Fried Chicken. Turkey. Pork.
Egg Dishes. Omelettte. Risotto.
Pasta. Ravioli. Macaroni with Cheese.
Asian Food. Springrolls.
Sushi. Sashimi.

Cheese:
Soft and Fresh Cheeses.
Brie. Camembert.
Feta. Chèvre. Fontina. Creamy Blue.
Washed-Rind. Chaource. Robiola.

French Spesialities:
Reims Ham in Reims Mustard.
Poulet au champagne (Chicken with Champagne).

Italian Specialities:
Fritto Misto di Pesce (Deep Fried Fish).
Risotto ai Frutti di Mare (Risooto with Seafood).
Risotto with Asparagus.
White Fish (Sea Bass) with Polenta.
Lasagne with White Sauce.

French Crémant

The production method of Crémant is he same as Champagne, but often with other grapes.

n France, there are 8 Crémant appellations:

Crémant d'Alsace

The Primary grapes used in Crémant d'Alsace are:
Pinot Blanc, Auxerrois, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Chardonnay, and Pinot Noir.

Crémant de Bordeaux

The Primary grapes used in Crémant de Bordeaux are:
Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Petit Verdot.

Crémant de Bourgogne

The Primary grapes used in Crémant de Bourgogne are the same as used in Champagne:
Pinot Noir and Chardonnay.

Crémant de Die

The primary grapes used in Crémant de Die are:
Clairette, Aligoté, and Muscat.

Crémant de Jura

The primary grapes used in Crémant de Jura are:
Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Trousseau.

Crémant de Limoux

The primary grapes used in Crémant de Limoux are:
Mauzac, Chardonnay, and Chenin Blanc.

Crémant de Loire

The primary grapes used in Crémant de Loire are:
Chenin Blanc, Chardonnay, Cabernet Franc, and Pinot Noir.

Crémant de Savoie

The primary grapes used in Crémant de Savoie are:
Jacquère, Altesse, and Chardonnay.

Méthode Champenoise

Méthode Champenoise is the method used to produce French Champagne.

Wine Glass

With Méthode Champenoise (the production method of Champagne), the first fermentation takes place in a tank, and a second fermentation takes place in the bottle.

Adding CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) is not allowed.

The second fermentation starts by adding yeast (Saccharomyces Cerevisiae) and sugar to the bottle, and after about 1 year, the bubbles are completely developed.

The legend credit a Benedictine monk, Dom Pérignon (1639-1715), for inventing sparkling wine when he bottled a wine before fermentation, but the oldest recorded sparkling wine is Blanquette de Limoux from 1531.

The method is used for:

  • French Champagne
  • French Crémant
  • Spanish Cava
  • Italian Franciacorta
  • German Sekt
  • Portuguese Espumante

Méthode Champenoise is now reserved (by EU) for wines produced in Champagne:

CountryMust Use
EnglandTraditional Method
FranceMéthode Traditionnelle
SpainMétodo Tradicional
PortugalMétodo Tradicional
ItalyMetodo Classico
Metodo Tradizionale
GermanyKlassische Flaschengärung

Sugar Levels

Regulation
EC 607/2009
Sugar
gram/litre
Calories
/glass
Brut Nature (Brut Zero)0-33
Extra Brut 0-6 5
Brut 0-12 7
Extra Dry (Extra Sec, Extra Seco) 12-17 10
Dry (Sec, Seco) 17-32 20
Demi (Semi) 32-50 30
Doux (Sweet, Dulce) 50+ 30+
Blanc de Blanc

Blanc de Blanc

Blanc de Blanc means "White from Whites".

Only White grapes are used in the production.

The typically grape is Chardonnay.

It can also be another grape like Pinot Blanc, or a blend.

In Spain they use Spanish grapes like Macabeo, Parellada, and Xarel-lo.

In Germany they often use Riesling.

Blanc de Blanc

Blanc de Noir

Blanc de Noir meanis "White from Blacks".

Only Red grapes are used in the production.

The typical grape is Pinot Noir.

It can also be another grape like Pinot Meunier, or a blend.

In Spain they often use Monastrell.

Bordeaux

Bordeaux wines are the most famous blends in the world.

France

The river Gironde splits the area in the famous Left Bank (Southwest) and the Right Bank (Northeast), where two very different famous blends are produced.

Bordeaux
Right
Left

On the Left Bank, Cabernet Sauvignon is the primary grape, on the Right Bank, Merlot is the primary grape.