Cards of Wine

Chardonnay (Italy)

Chardonnay is a grape variety cultivated in many italian regions and is also often used in sparkling wines like Franciacorta and Metodo Classico.

Flavors

Lemon
Lemon
Apple
Apple
Pear
Pear
Peach
Peach
Nuts
Nuts
Flowers
Flowers
Herbs
Herbs
Minerals
Minerals

Oak Added Flavors

Vanilla
Vanilla
Butter
Butter
Toast
Toast
Hazelnuts
Hazelnuts

Citrus, Green Apple, Pear, and White Peach are typical cold climate Chardonnay flavors.

Notes of White Flowes, Nuts, and Minerals.

Profile

Cold climate Chardonnays tend to be light bodied with crispy acidity:

SUGARDry
BODYMedium - Light
FRUITMedium - Low
ACIDITYMedium - High
Serving temperature:
8-10°C (46-50°F)

Food Pairing

Antipasti
Antipasti
Vegetables
Vegetables
Asparagus
Asparagus
Pasta
Pasta
Fish
Fish
Chicken
Chicken
Pork
Pork
Risotto
Risotto

Chardonnay is very food friendly.

Italian. Spanish. International. Asian. Mexican. Vegetarian.

Pairing Suggestions

Unoaked Chardonnay pairs best with:
Oysters. Shrimps. Scallops. Crab. Fish.
Chicken. Salads.

Cheese:
Creamy cheeses.
Brie. Camembert. Chèvre.

About Chardonnay

Chardonnay is a village in South Burgundy, and Chardonnay is the most popular white wine grape in the world.

Chardonnay is a grape with a limited (not very aromatic) taste. It produces neutral wines that need help to become interesting.

This can be done in several ways. One common way is to ferment or store the wine in oak barrels.

Chardonnay also easily absorbs the taste of the soil (terroir), and this is consciously used to complement Chardonnay's taste profile in Europe.

Quality Chardonnay wines always have a round character, a great length, and a rich after-taste, but Chardonnay shows a multitude of styles all over the world, from totally uninteresting, strong alcoholic wines with artificial fruit aromas, to the world's most sublime, perfect balanced wines.

In cool climates, Chardonnay can have a light body with noticeable acidity and flavors of citrus, green apple, and pear.

In warmer locations the flavors are more yellow apple, peach, melon, and tropical fruit such as pinapple and mango.

Chablis vs California

Chablis in France and California in USA are good examples of two very different expressions of the same grape.

Chablis is best known for producing excellent, fresh, and light wines with appealing apple and citrus aromas

California is best known for power, heavy oak, and tropical aromas.

People who like Californian Chardonnay with low acid and high alcohol, may say that a young Chablis is too acidic, and some people may say that they don't like the taste of Chardonnay, because they don't like the taste of oak.

Sparkling Chardonnay

Chardonnay is an important component of many sparkling wines, including French Champagne and Italian Franciacorta.

Why so Popular?

Chardonnay is popular for 3 important reasons:

Chardonnay wines have no sharp edges and no high acid content. The grape produces large crops and it is not picky about soil and climate. The fact that the wines are easy to sell, also contributes to the grape's popularity among the wine producers.

Chardonnay in Italy

Early Italian wine production in Südtirol (Trentino-Alto Adige), often confused Chardonnay with Pinot Blanc. Pinot Blanc was called "Weissburgunder" (White Burgundy) and Chardonnay was called "Gelber Weissburgunder" (Golden White Burgundy).

In the late 20th century, Italy started to produce pure Chardonnay, and in 1984, Chardonnay was granted its first DOC (Denominazione di origine controllata) in Alto Adige.

Most Chardonnay is planted in the north, it can also be found as south as Sicily.

The north areas produce a light bodied un-oaked Chardonnays with noticeable acidity and flavors of citrus, green apple, and pear.

Best Regions:

In Lombardia and Trentino-Alto Adige Chardonnay is used for high quality spumante (Franciacorta and Trento DOC).

Read More

Chardonnay is the most popular white wine grape in the world.

You can read more about the grape at Chardonnay Grapes.

You can read more about the world wide production at Chardonnay Regions.


The Ideal Glass

The shape of the glass does in fact change the taste of any wine!

There are 2 types of Chardonnay glasses.

One for un-oaked, steel fermented, crispy, and young Chardonney (like Chablis).

One for oaked Chardonnay like Meursault, Montrachet, and most Americans.

Young Chardonnay

A Tulip Shaped glass is the best choice for dry white wines.

It guides the wine to the center of your mouth, avoiding the sides, where acidity is less pleasant.

A smaller bowl also helps to serve smaller quantities, and keep the wine cold. Remember to hold the glass by the stem!

Aged Chardonnay

The Montrachet glass is perfect for full-bodied white wines such as:

The wide bowl steers the wine to the sensitive parts of the tongue, ensuring that the acidity creates a harmonious balance with the sweet aromas of aged wines.

The wide bowl allows the full bouquet of aromas to develop, and minimise the risk for it to be over-concentrated.