Cards of Wine

Pinot Noir

Pinot Noir originates from Burgundy in France.

The grape cluster looks like a black (Noir) pine (Pinot).

Pinot Noir is a world classic, nr 9 in the list of the world's most cultivated grapes.

Profile

Pinot Noir has low tannins, lots of fruit aromas, and high acidity:

Color: Translucent (transparent).
Light Berry Red (blue) when young. Brick Orange Red (brown) when aged.

Body
Tannins
Fruit
Acidity

Flavors

Pinot Noir is famous for its silky texture (mouth feel) and for its ability of interpreting the terroir.

Primary (Varietals) Aromas are related to the grape.
Red Fruit. Red Berries. Raspberry. Cherry. Strawberry. Cranberry.
Black Fruit. Blueberry. Blackberry. Blackcurrant. Plum. Fig.
Floral. Rose. Violet. Lavender.
Herbal. Tomato. Hay.
Balsamic. Peppermint. Fern. Cedar. Sandalwood. Rosemary.

Secondary Aromas are relatet to fermentation. Animal. Leather. Game. Barnyard. Sourdough. Yeast. Earth.

Tertiary Aromas are relatet to aging in bottle or oak.
Oak. Bitterness. Spices. Black Tea. Vanilla. Caramel. Cinnamon. Cocoa. Mocha. Licorice. Coconut. Tobacco. Smoke. Mushroom. Truffle. Forest Floor.

Palate. Great Pinot Noirs are multi-layered and show "the Peacock´s Tail".
It means that the different layers fan out showing the entire potential of the grape, giving a sensation of growing intensity, a crescendo of flavors opening like the feathers of a peacock and showing its true colors. A long, pleasant finish.

Food Pairing

Pinot Noir is very food friendly and can be paired with a wide variety of dishes, especially fat fish and grilled or roasted white meat:

French. Indian. Italian. International.

Charcuterie. Salmon. Tuna.
Grilled. Roasted White Meat. Poultry. Duck. Goose. Rabbit.
Grilled Pork. Ham. Bacon. Beef Burgundy.
Roasted Mushrooms. Mushroom Risotto. Truffles.

Spices. Basil. Cilantro. Coriander. Mint.

Cheese. Comté. Brie. Camembert. Jarlsberg. Goat.

Serving temperatures:
Cru 14-15°C (57-59°F)
Grand Cru 15-16°C (59-61°F)

The Ideal Glass

The shape of the glass does in fact change the taste of the wine!

The Burgundy glass is the perfect glass for light and fruity red wines like:

The Burgundy glass is broader than other red wine glasses.

The larger bowl has the function of accumulating the aromas of light and delicate red wines and release a greater amount of volatile compounds.
It also allows a proper swirling, channeling aromas upward.

In addition the style of the glass directs the wine to the tip of your tongue.
The shape of a glass changes the way wine enters our mouth so that different receptors are stimulated.

About Pinot Noir

Pinot Noir is considered a world`s classic red wine grape (Diva grape).

Pinot Noir put Burgundy region on the the wine map.

Burgundy is located in the North East of France which translates into "cool climate" or "slow ripening".

Pinot Noir thrives in cooler regions all over the world.

Pinot Noir is a thin-skinned grape and, as a consequence, the color of the wine is light red. Thin skin means also low tannins.

The grape belongs to a large family of wines including Pinot Blanc (Pinot Bianco) and Pinot Gris (Pinot Grigio).

Pinot Noir is notorious as a ‘difficult’ grape. It grows in thick clusters, which makes it vulnerable to rot, mildew and other diseases.

The Pinot Noir cluster resembles the shape of a pine cone (pinot = cone).

Pinor Noir Vinification

This red grape can be vinified in red, rosé and sparkling wines.

We all know that Chardonnay is the main grape for the Champagne production, but, it is Pinot Noir the most planted grape in the Champagne region and it is a major ingredient in many Champagne and Franciacorta sparkling wines and especially in Blanc de Noir which means white (wine) made from 100% black (grapes).

Champagne producers press the skin off the grapes right away to not retain color and tannins. By quickly separating the skins from the juice you prevent the black pigment to be transferred to the wine.

Some producers make Pinot Noir with a technique called "Whole Cluster Fermentation", where the entire grape bunch, including the stems, goes into the fermentation. This adds extra tannins to the wine.

Pinot Noir in the World

Argentina
Pinor Noir trives in the cooler climates of Argentina, especially in Patagonia (Rio Negro).
Dry-cool climate (keeps healthy this disease-prone grape), longer growing season, desert soil, temperature dropping in the night (ensuring good acidity) are the keys of its success.
Patagonian Pinot Noir grapes were originally planted to supply the bubble industry of Mendoza, where Moet Chandon is a big player.

Australia
In Australia, Pinot Noir is growing in several areas both in West and South.

Austria (Blauburgunder)
In Austria, most of the Pinot Noir is produced in Burgenland wine region, South of Vienna. Best kept secret: lot of quality for the money.

Chile
Pinor Noir trives well in the cooler climates of Chile.

France
Pinor Noir originates from Burgundy in France.
It has monopolized for centuries this region to become konwn as Red Burgundy.
Pinot Noir also known as Red Burgundy.
Chardonnay also known as White Burgundy.

The most expensive Pinot Noir wines in the world come from here: Côte d´Or (Côte de Nuits and Côte de Beaune) in the North Burgundy.

Germany (Spätburgunder)
In Germany, Pinot Noir is the most widely planted red grape.

Italy (Pinot Nero)
In Italy, most Pinot Noir is planted in Trentino, Alto Adige, Friuli, and Veneto.
Pinot Noir also plays a main role in Franciacorta.

South Africa
In South Africa, Pinot Noir is the most widely planted red grape.

Switzerland
In Switzerland, Pinot Noir is the most widely planted red grape.

New Zealand
Pinot Noir is New Zealand's second largest grape variety (after Sauvingnon Blanc).

USA
The cold climate of Oregon and North California is perfect for growing Pinot Noir.
Best regions are the Willamette Valley of Oregon, Sonoma County, Santa Cruz Mountains and Santa Barbara in California.