Cards of Wine

Médoc (France)

Bordeaux wines are the most famous wine blends in the world.

Médoc is a wine from from Bordeaux's Left Bank.

Grapes: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, and Petit Verdot.

Typical Flavors


Black Currant
Black
Currant
Blackberry
Blackberry
Cherry
Black
Cherry
Plum
Plum

Violets
Violets
Pepper
Pepper
Licorice
Licorice
Wet Stone
Wet Stone

Oak Added Flavors:

Oak
Oak
Vanilla
Vanilla
Toast
Toast
Coffee
Coffee

Black Currant, Dark Berries and Plum are typical Médoc flavors.

Dark Floral hints (Violets) and Wet Soil (Graphite).

Profile

BODYFull
TANNINSMedium - High
FRUITMedium Plus
ACIDITYMedium
Serving temperature:
15-16°C (59-61°F)
Cru 17-18°C (63-64°F)

Food Pairing


Mushroom
Mushroom
Hamburger
Hamburger
Ham
Ham
Soup
Casseroles

Pork
Pork
Lamb
Lamb
Veal
Veal
Beef
Beef

Rich Flavors and Tannins make Médoc a perfect partner to Flavory Dishes.

Bordeaux loves Roasted Lamb and BBQ.

Pairing Suggestions

Excellent Pairing:
BBQ. Grilled. Roasts.
Roasted Potatoes and Onions.
Grilled Mushrooms (Portobello).
Grilled Veggetables.
BBQ. Chicken. Pork. Rabbit. Game.
Caramel Chicken.
Roasted Lamb. Lamb Chops. Lamb Shank.
Hamburger. Cheese Burger. Bacon Burger.
Red Meat Dishes. Spareribs. Veal Chops.
Pepper Beef. T-Bone. Kobe. Entrecôte.
Filet Mignon. Filetto (Italy). Solomillo (Spain).

Cheese:
Hard Cow Milk Cheese. French Comté. Cheddar.

If You Like Médoc

You Might Also Like:

Barolo (Italy)
Cabernet Sauvignon (France)
Languedoc (France)
Lebanese Red (Lebanon)
Malbec (Argentina)
Nero d'Avola (Italy)
Petite Sirah (USA)
Pinotage (South Africa)
Rioja Reserva (Spain)
Shiraz (Australia)
Super Tuscan (Italy)
Syrah (France)
Touriga Nacional (Portugal)

The Ideal Glass

The Bordeaux glass is perfect for a good bodied red wine.

It is taller than other red wine glasses, and has a slimmer bowl.

The large size of the glass allows the fruit bouquet to develop. It smooths out rough edges, plays down tannins, and allows the wines to achieve balance.

The slimmer bowl sends the wine directly to the back of the mouth for maximum taste.

The 1855 Classification

The 1855 classification of Bordeaux wines was created by Napoleon III, to be presented at the World Exhibition in Paris (Exposition Universelle 1855).

Showing the very best French wines, the classification ranked sixty top Bordeaux red wines.

The ranking still stands today, with only one change: Chateau Mouton Rothschild got a Premier Cru status in 1973.

Premiers Crus (First)

NameAOC
Château Haut-Brion Pessac-Léognan
Château Lafite-Rothschild Pauillac
Château Latour Pauillac
Château Margaux Margaux
Château Mouton Rothschild Pauillac

Deuxièmes Crus (Second)

NameAOC
Château Brane-Cantenac Margaux
Château Cos-d'Estournel Saint-Estèphe
Château Ducru-Beaucaillou Saint-Julien
Château Durfort-Vivens Margaux
Château Gruaud-Larose Saint-Julien
Château Lascombes Margaux
Château Léoville Barton Saint-Julien
Château Léoville-Las Cases Saint-Julien
Château Léoville Poyferré Saint-Julien
Château Montrose Saint-Estèphe
Château Pichon-Longueville (Baron) Pauillac
Château Pichon-Longueville Comtesse de Lalande Pauillac
Château Rauzan-Ségla Margaux
Château Rauzan-Gassies Margaux

Troisièmes Crus (Third)

NameAOC
Château Boyd-Cantenac Margaux
Château Calon-Segur Saint-Estèphe
Château Cantenac-Brown Margaux
Château Desmirail Margaux
Château Ferrière Margaux
Château Giscours Margaux
Château d'Issan Margaux
Château Kirwan Margaux
Château Lagrange Saint-Julien
Château La Lagune Haut-Médoc
Château Langoa-Barton Saint-Julien
Château Malescot St-Exupéry Margaux
Château-Marquis d'Alesme Margaux
Château Palmer Margaux

Quatrièmes Crus (Fourth)

NameAOC
Château Beychevelle Saint-Julien
Château Branaire-Ducru Saint-Julien
Château Duhart-Milon-Rothschild Pauillac
Château Lafon-Rochet Saint-Estèphe
Château Marquis-de-Terme Margaux
Château Pouget Margaux
Château Prieuré-Lichine Margaux
Château Saint-Pierre Saint-Julien
Château Talbot Saint-Julien
Château La Tour-Carnet Haut-Médoc

Cinquièmes Crus (Fifth)

NameAOC
Château d'Armailhac Pauillac
Château Batailley Pauillac
Château Belgrave Haut-Médoc
Château de Camensac Haut-Médoc
Château Cantemerle Haut-Médoc
Château Clerc-Milon Pauillac
Château Cos Labory Saint-Estephe
Château Croizet-Bages Pauillac
Château Dauzac Margaux
Château Grand-Puy Ducasse Pauillac
Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste Pauillac
Château Haut-Bages Libéral Pauillac
Château Haut-Batailley Pauillac
Château Lynch-Bages Pauillac
Château Lynch-Moussas Pauillac
Château Pédesclaux Pauillac
Château Pontet-Canet Pauillac
Château du Tertre Margaux

Bordeaux

Bordeaux in Southwest France is the most famous wine region in the world.

France

The river Gironde splits the area in the famous Left Bank (Southwest) and the Right Bank (Northeast) where the two famous, but very different, Bordeaux Blends are produced.

The Left Bank

On the Left Bank, Cabernet Sauvignon is the primary grape.

A typical top-quality "Bordeaux Blend" consists of 70% Cabernet Sauvignon, 15% Cabernet Franc, and 15% Merlot.

Left Bank wines are often spicy with bold tannins and are good candidates for aging.

The Right Bank

On the Right Bank, Merlot is the primary grape.

A typical Right Bank blend consists of 70% Merlot, 15% Cabernet Franc, and 15% Cabernet Sauvignon.

Right Bank wines are also bold, but smoother, with softer tannins and typical Merlot fruity flavors. They can age, but are more "drink me soon" style.

Bordeaux is dominated by red wine. Nearly 90% of all Bordeaux wine is red.

The most planted grape is Merlot, followed by Cabernet Sauvignon.

Red Grapes

66% Merlot
23% Cabernet Sauvignon
10% Cabernet Franc
  2% Malbec
  1% Petit Verdot

White Grapes

47% Sémillon
45% Sauvignon Blanc
  5% Muscadelle


Bordeaux Left Bank

On the Left Bank, Cabernet Sauvignon is the primary grape.

A typical top-quality "Bordeaux Blend" consists of 70% Cabernet Sauvignon, 15% Cabernet Franc, and 15% Merlot.

Left Bank wines are often spicy with bold tannins and are good candidates for aging.

The terroir is rocky, with gravel (stones) and some limestone.

In the wine world, this bad soil means good wine because the more the roots have to struggle, the better the quality. Rocky soils and hillsides give a good drainage (too much water gives a watery berry).

Famous appellations are:

  • Haut-Médoc
  • Margaux (Château Margaux)
  • St.Estephe
  • St.Julien
  • Pauillac (Château Lafite-Rothschild, Château Mouton Rothschild and Château Latour)
  • Pessac Leognan (Château Haut-Brion)
Few chateaux with many hectars (50-80ha average).

Flavors:

Young: Spices. Earth. Tobacco.

Aged: Leather. Smoke. Truffle. Herbs. Cigar box.

Bordeaux Right Bank

On the Right Bank, Merlot is the primary grape.

A typical Right Bank blend consists of 70% Merlot, 15% Cabernet Franc, and 15% Cabernet Sauvignon.

Right Bank wines are also bold, but smoother, with softer tannins and typical Merlot fruity flavors. They can age, but are more "drink me soon" style.

The terroir on the right bank is less difficult, with less gravel and more clay and limestone.

Famous appellations are:

  • St. Emilion (Cheval Blanc)
  • Pomerol (Petrus)
Many small chateaux with few hectars (30 average).

Flavors:

Young: Black Cherry. Red Plum. Flowers. Chocolate. Licorice.

Aged: Earth. Truffle. Dark Chocolate. Tobacco.

White Bordeaux

White Bordeaux uses Sauvignon Blanc and Semillion as primary grapes.

Alcohol can be addictive. Drink in moderation.

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