Cards of Wine

Chianti (Italy)

Chianti is Italy's most famous red wine.

By law, any wine labelled Chianti must come from the Chianti region between Firenze and Siena, and it must contain at least 80% Sangiovese grapes.

Profile

Body
Tannins
Fruit
Acidity

Flavors

Sour Cherry. Strawberry.
Red Plum. Fig.
Oaked. Vanilla.

Food Pairing

Chianti is very food friendly. Good acidity pairs perfect with Tomato Sauces.

Tuscan. Mediterranean. Thai. Indian. Mexican. International.
Antipasti. Salumi. Ribollita (Hearthy Soup).
Pasta with Tomato Sauce. Lasagne. Pizza.
Bistecca alla Fiorentina. Burgers. Wild Boar. Lamb.
Cheese. Pecorino Toscano. Asiago. Fontina.

Serving temperatures:
Classico 14-15°C (57-59°F)
Riserva 16-17°C (61°/63°F)

Italian DOC(G)

Italian wine labels was introduced in 1963. They were designed to copy the French AOC/AC system.

DOC (Denominazione di Origine Controllata) regulates production areas, grape varieties, alcohol levels, and vinification techniques.

DOCG (Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita) is the highest classification.

Strict rules defines grape varieties, yield limits, grape ripeness, winemaking procedures, barrel and bottle maturation, and tasting procedures. Each bottle must have a numbered government seal.

Chianti DOCG

By law, any wine labelled Chianti must come from the Chianti region between Firenze and Siena, and it must contain at least 80% Sangiovese grapes.

In 1995 it became legal to produce Chianti with 100% Sangiovese.

Chianti was once known by its short and thick bottle wrapped in a straw basket called "Fiasco".

Today most producers use standard wine bottles.

Fiasco

About Sangiovese

Sangiovese translates to "Blood of Jove" (the Roman God Jupiter).

The Sangiovese wines from Tuscany are world famous.

Typical Chianti and Montepulciano wines are Sangiovese blends (70-80%).

Typical Montalcino wines are made from 100% Sangiovese:

DOC(G)Grapes
Brunello di Montalcino 100% Sangiovese
Rosso di Montalcino 100% Sangiovese
Chianti Minimum 80% Sangiovese
Nobile di Montepulciano Minimum 70% Sangiovese
Rosso di Montepulciano Minimum 70% Sangiovese