Cards of Wine

Chianti (Italy)

Chianti is Italy's most famous red wine.

Chianti DOCG must contain at least 70% Sangiovese grapes.

Typical Flavors


Red Cherry
Sour
Cherry
Strawberry
Strawberry
Black Cherry
Black
Cherry
Plum
Red
Plum

Herbs
Herbs
Violets
Violets
Spices
Spices
Tea Leves
Tea Leves

Oak Added Flavors:

Barrel
Barrel
Vanilla
Vanilla
Licorice
Licorice
Leather
Leather

Sour Cherry, Strawberry, and Plum are typical Chianti flavors.

Hints of Herbs, Flowers (Violets), and Spices.

Profile

BODYMedium
TANNINSMedium
FRUITMedium
ACIDITYMedium - High
Serving temperatures:
14-15°C (57-59°F)
Riserva 16-17°C (61°/63°F)

Food Pairing


Pasta
Pasta
Risotto
Risotto
Ham
Ham
Salami
Salumi

Pizza
Pizza
Hamburger
Hamburger
Chicken
Chicken
Turkey
Turkey

Sausages
Sausages
Rabbit
Rabbit
Pork
Pork
Wild Boar
Wild Boar

Lamb
Lamb
Veal
Veal
Deer
Game
Red Meat
Beef

Chianti pairs well with both Italian and International food.

It loves Rich Pasta Dishes, Tomato Sauces, Stews and Mushroom Sauces.

Pairing Suggestions

Excellent Pairing:
Grilled Vegetables.
Cured Meat. Prosciutto. Salami.
Tomato Sauce. Meat Sauce.
Truffle Sauce. Mushroom Sauce.
Rich Pasta. Rich Risotto. Pasta Cabonara.
Pasta Arrabbiata. Pasta with Truffles.
Rich Pizza. Pizza Picante. Lasagna.
Poultry. Rich Chicken. Turkey. Rabbit.
Hamburger. Sausages. Veal.
Stew. Wild Boar Stew. Ox Tail Stew.
Pork (Herb Grilled).
Lamb. Lamb Chops with Rosemary).
Red Meat. Braises. Roast Beef. Game.

Cheese:
Mature Cheese.
Pecorino. Parmigiano. Asiago. Provolone.

Tuscan Specialities:
Ribollita (Hearthy Soup).
Bistecca Fiorentina (Florentine Steak).
Risotto (with Meat or Mushroom Sauce).
Polenta with Black Truffle.
Grilled Portobello Mushrooms.

If You Like Chianti

You Might Also Like:

Barbera (Italy)
Cabernet Franc (France)
Cerasuolo d'Abruzzo (Italy)
Chianti (Italy)
Dolcetto (Italy)
Frappato (Italy)
Garnacha (Spain)
GSM Wines (France)
Rioja Crianza (Spain)
Teroldego (Italy)

The Ideal Glass

The Bordeaux glass is perfect for a good bodied red wine.

It is taller than other red wine glasses, and has a slimmer bowl.

The large size of the glass allows the fruit bouquet to develop. It smooths out rough edges, plays down tannins, and allows the wines to achieve balance.

The slimmer bowl sends the wine directly to the back of the mouth for maximum taste.

Italian DOC(G)

Italian wine labels was introduced in 1963. They were designed to copy the French AOC/AC system.

DOC (Denominazione di Origine Controllata) regulates production areas, grape varieties, alcohol levels, and vinification techniques.

DOCG (Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita) is the highest classification.

Strict rules defines grape varieties, yield limits, grape ripeness, winemaking procedures, barrel and bottle maturation, and tasting procedures. Each bottle must have a numbered government seal.

Chianti DOCG

By law, any wine labelled Chianti must come from the Chianti region between Firenze and Siena, and it must contain at least 80% Sangiovese grapes.

In 1995 it became legal to produce Chianti with 100% Sangiovese.

Chianti was once known by its short and thick bottle wrapped in a straw basket called "Fiasco".

Today most producers use standard wine bottles.

Fiasco

World Famous Grapes

Sangiovese

Sangiovese Grapes

Sangiovese is the king of Italian red grapes.

Sangiovese Regions

The Sangiovese wines from Toscana (Tuscany) are world famous.

Montalcino, Toscana

Rosso di Montalcino DOC 100% Sangiovese
Brunello di Montalcino DOCG 100% Sangiovese

Montepulciano, Toscana

Rosso di Montepulciano DOC Min 70% Sangiovese
Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG Min 70% Sangiovese

Chianti, Toscana

Chianti DOCG Min 70% Sangiovese
Chianti Classico DOCG Min 80% Sangiovese

Other Toscana Regions

Montecucco Sangiovese DOCG 90-100% Sangiovese
Suvereto Sangiovese DOCG 85-100% Sangiovese
Morellino di Scansano DOCG 85-100% Sangiovese
Carmignano DOCG Minimum 50% Sangiovese

Outside Toscana

Montefalco DOC 60-80% Sangiovese

About Sangiovese

Sangiovese's homeland is Tuscany. But it is also big in Emilia-Romagna, Umbria, Marche, Lazio, Campania, and Sicily. It is the most cultivated red grape in Italy.

The name (Sanguis Jovis) is Latin for "Blood of Jupiter".

Sangiovese is thin-skinned and the color of the wine is light red.

Sangiovese wine has high acidity, high tannins, medium body and medium alcohol.

Sangiovese Clones

Based on the work of G. Molon in 1906, Sangioves has been divided in two families: the Sangiovese Grosso (big), used for making Brunello di Montalcino, and Chianti wines, and the Sangiovese Piccolo (small), used in the other zones of Tuscany.

But this classification is too simple. There are nearly 100 approved clones of Sangiovese in Italy and the are no indication that the quality can be based on the size of the grapes.

Terroir

Sangiovese loves the Galestro terroir found in most of Tuscany’s best vineyards.

Galestro was created in a deep sea which is now the Mediterranean. It is a formation of stone, mudstone, sand, and clay (not compact clay), that breaks into little pieces helping open the soil.

Toscana (Tuscany)

Toscana is famous for the city of Firenze, and red wines made from Sangiovese.

Toscana

Toscana is most famous for the majestetic city of Firenze.

On the wine side, the region is best known for the Sangiovese based red wines:

  • Chianti Classico
  • Brunello di Montalcino
  • Vino Nobile di Montepulciano.

A copy of the Bordeaux Blend, named Super Tuscan, is also popular all over the world.

Vermentino is the best known white wine from the coastline, and Vernaccia is an internationally recognised white wine from the medieval town of San Gimignano.

On the sweet side, Vin Santo ("Holy Wine") is the national drink in Tuscany.

Toscana has 11 DOCGs:

Sangiovese:

Chianti DOCG (70% Sangiovese)
Chianti Classico DOCG (80% Sangiovese)
Brunello di Montalcino DOCG (100% Sangiovese)
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG (70% Sangiovese)
Montecucco Sangiovese DOCG (90% Sangiovese)
Morellino di Scansano DOCG (85% Sangiovese)

Super Tuscan:

Carmignano DOCG (Sangiovese, Cab Sauvignon/Franc, Merlot)
Suvereto Rosso DOCG (Cab Sauvignon, Merlot)
Val di Cornia Rosso DOCG (Sangiovese, Cab Sauvignon, Merlot)

White:

Vernaccia di San Gimignano DOCG (85% Vernatcha)

Passito:

Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG (100% Aleatico)

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