Cards of Wine

Wine Types

3 different production methods create 3 different types of wine


Still Wine Sparling Wine Fortified Wine
StillSparkling Fortified

Still Wine

"Still Wine" means nonsparkling wine (without Carbon Dioxide).

The majority of the wines on the marked are still wines (red, white, rosé, dessert, and fortified wines).

Still wines can be named after the grape or after the region of origin:

Wine Name

Grape Name

Bordeaux
Cabernet Sauvignon
Burgundy Red
Pinot Noir
Chianti
Sangiovese
Rioja
Tempranillo
Burgundy White
Chardonnay
Sancerre
Sauvignon Blanc

Sparkling Wine (Bubbles)

The bubbles in sparkling wines come from Carbon Dioxide (CO2).

There are 3 methods to create bubbles in wine:

  • Secondary Fermentation in the Bottle
  • Pressurized Tank
  • Carbon Dioxide Injection

Sparkling wine can be made in any any color (white, rosé, or red), but the most common are white or rosé. Exceptions are Lambrusco and Sparkling Shiraz.

Only wine from the French Champagne region can be called Champagne.

Other sparkling wines made with the champagne method are called Cremant in France, Cava in Spain, Metodo Classico in Italy.

Prosecco is made with a different style (Charmat method).



Fortified Wine

Fortified wines are wines with added spirit, usually brandy. As a consequence they have an alcohol content between 15-22%.

The sweetness of fortified wines, varies from dry to sweet.



Alcohol can be addictive. Drink in moderation.

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