During Alcoholic Fermentation, Yeast consumes the Sugar in the grapes and transforms it into Alcohol and Carbon Dioxide.
Alcohol stays in the wine. CO2 disappears in the air.
ABV stands for Alcohol By Volume.
When a bottle is marked 12% ABV, it means that 12% of the wine is alcohol.
Different grapes and production methods create different wine styles:
Different production methods create different wine types:
The main components of a wine grape are:
The colour of a wine comes from the skin. The flesh inside a grape is colourless.
Red wines and Rosé wines are made from black grapes.
The skin of black grapes has a dark color (blue, violet, red).
Red wines get their color from the juice fermenting together with the skins.
White wines and Orange wines are made from white grapes.
The skin of white grapes has light color (yellow, green).
White wines get no color from the skins. The skins are pressed off before fermentation.