During fermentation, Yeast consumes the Sugar in the grapes and transforms it into Alcohol and Carbon Dioxide.
Different grapes, yeasts, and production methods create different wine styles:
Red wines are made from black grapes (dark-colored red wine grape varieties).
Red wines get their colors and flavors from the grape skin while the skins soakes in the juice.
The common alcohol content of a red wine is between 12% and 15%.
White wines are made from white grapes (light-colored white grape varieties).
A few white wines are made from black grapes.
White wines get their flavors from the grape juice. Grapes are pressed quickly to drain the juice away from the skins.
The common alcohol content of a white wine is between 10% and 14%.
Rosé wines get their pink color from a very short contact with the skins (a few hours).
Most rosé wines are made from red grape varieties.
The bubbles in sparkling wines come from Carbon Dioxide (CO2) trapped in the bottle.
There are 3 methods to create bubbles in wine:
Sparkling wine can be made in any any color (white, rosé, or red), but the most common are white or rosé. Exceptions are Lambrusco and Sparkling Shiraz.
Dessert wines are sweet wines with high levels of sugar.
The common alcohol content of a dessert wine is less than 10%.
Fortified wines are wines with added spirit, usually brandy. As a consequence they have an alcohol content between 15-22%.
The sweetness of fortified wines, varies from dry to sweet.
"Still Wine" means nonsparkling wine (without Carbon Dioxide).
The majority of the wines on the marked are still wines (red, white, rosé, dessert, and fortified wines).
Most wines are named after the grape variety, but wines are also named after the region of origin:
Wine growing areas in EU. Source: Eurostat.
Alcohol can be addictive. Drink in moderation.
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