Cards of Wine

Principal Black Grapes


Black GrapesName of Origin
Cabernet Sauvignon Bordeaux France
Merlot Bordeaux France
Pinot Noir Bougund France
Syrah/Shiraz Rhone France
Sangiovese Toscana Italy
Tempranillo Rioja Spain

Cabernet Sauvignon


Cabernet Sauvignon

Cabernet Sauvignon is the world's most planted red wine grape.

The name comes from its parents: Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc. The grape was born in Bordeaux, in the South West of France, where the climate is "maritime", with hot summers and mild winters.

Today, Cabernet Sauvignon is most famous for its role in the balanced, complex, and famous Bordaux blend.

Cabernet Sauvignon ripens late and is a thick-skinned grape. Thick skin means that the color of the wine is dark and that the wines are usually vinified as full bodied. Thick skin also means high tannins and great aging potential.

Dark Berries, Black Currant, Black Cherry, Plum, and Green Pepper are typical flavors. With hints of Mint, Licorice, and Anise.

Typical Flavors:

Black Currant
Black Currant
Black Cherry
Black Cherry
Pepper
Green Pepper
Mint
Mint

Oak Added Flavors:

Cedar
Cedar
Vanilla
Vanilla
Toast
Toast
Tobacco
Tobacco

Pinot Noir


Pinot Noir

The name Pinot (Pine) Noir (Black) was given to the grape because the grape cluster looks like a black pine.

The grape belongs to a large family including Pinot Blanc (Pinot Bianco) and Pinot Gris (Pinot Grigio).

The color of a Pinor Noir wine is often quite transparent, but light berry red or blue when young, and more brick orange red or brown when aged.

Pinot Noir originates from Burgundy in the North East of France, which translates into "cool climate" or "slow ripening". but it thrives in cooler regions all over the world.

Pinot Noir is a thin-skinned grape and, as a consequence, the color of the wine is light red. Thin skin means also low tannins.

Pinot Noir is a "difficult" grape. It grows in thick clusters, which makes it vulnerable to rot, mildew and other diseases.

Typical Flavors:

Strawberry
Strawberry
Red Cherry
Cherry
Raspberry
Raspberry
Cranberry
Cranberry

Merlot


Merlot

Merlot is one of the primary grapes used in Red Bordeaux blends, along with Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc.

It adds softness and mouth-watering fruit creating the perfect marriage with the more masculine grape Cabernet Sauvignon. The name Merlot derives from French "Merle" (Blackbird) for its dark color.

100% Merlot wines exist and they are some of the world´s most expensive wines such Chateau Petrus (Pomerol, Bordeaux) or Ornellaia (Bolgheri, Tuscany).

Merlot is known to be easy to drink, both alone and with food, and is a perfect introduction to redwine for the newcomers.

Typical Flavors:

Raspberry
Raspberry
Black Cherry
Black
Cherry
Plum
Plum
Blackberry
Blackberry

Oak added Flavors:

Cedar
Cedar
Vanilla
Vanilla
Toast
Toast
Tobacco
Tobacco

Syrah / Shiraz


Syrah

Legends claim that the Syrah grape originated in Shiraz, capital of the Persian Empire (modern-day Iran) or in Syracuse, Sicily. But there is no evidence.

The historical home of Syrah is the Rhône region of France.

The most famous Appellations are located in the Northern Rhône (Rotie, Hemitage, Cornas), where steep hillsides sometimes reach a gradient of 70°.

Introduced in Australia in 1831 by Scotsman James Busby, it is the most planted red grape variety there, and it is spelled different: Shiraz.

The best ones develop sweet, rich fruits, as well as aromas characterized by smoke, spices, leather and soil as they mature.

Cool climate Syrah has more Red Fruit.

White Pepper rather than Black Pepper. Mint rather than Licorice.

Raspberry. Blueberry. Black Cherry. Green Olive. Spices. White Pepper. Mineral. Mint. Licorice.

Warm climate Syrah has Darker Fruit.

Dark Fruit. Dark Berries. Blackberry. Black Olive. Jam. Spices. Clove. Black Pepper. Eucalyptus. Licorice. Mint.

Cold Climate:

Raspberry
Raspberry
Blueberry
Blueberry
Cherry
Black
Cherry
Blackberry
Blackberry

Hot Climate:

Blackberry
Blackberry
Plum
Plum
Pepper
Pepper
Licorice
Licorice

Oak Added Flavors:

Vanilla
Vanilla
Coffee
Coffee
Toast
Toast
Tobacco
Tobacco

Tempranillo


Tempranillo

Tempranillo is the noble grape variety of Spain, just like Cabernet Sauvignon is to France, and it is also the third most planted wine grape in the world.

Tempranillo is largely grown in Spain, where it thrives best in the cooler wine regions of Rioja and Ribera del Duero.

The name comes from Spanish "temprano" which means "early" and refers to early ripening.

Young Tempranillo wine has medium color, moderat acidity, and a fine berry-like character, while aged Tempranillo often develops a sweet spicy, leather and tobacco-like flavor.

Tempranillo wines are generally softer and rounder than Bordeaux wines, but drier than Burgundy wines.

Medium acidity and moderate tannins make Tempranillo wines round and soft, with a spicy aftertaste. The wines are easy to like, and easy to pair with many types of food.

Cherries and Red and Black Berries are typical Tempranillo flavors, with hints of Herbs, Licorice, Spices, and Minerals.

Typical Flavors

Cherry
Cherry
Raspberry
Raspberry
Blackberry
Blackberry
Blueberry
Blueberry

Oak Added Flavors:

Vanilla
Vanilla
Cocoa
Cocoa
Tobacco
Tobacco
Leather
Leather

Sangiovese


Sangiovese

Sangiovese's homeland is Tuscany. But it is also big in Emilia-Romagna, Umbria, Marche, Lazio, Campania, and Sicily. It is the most cultivated red grape in Italy.

The name (Sanguis Jovis) is Latin for "Blood of Jupiter".

Sangiovese is thin-skinned and the color of the wine is light red.

Sangiovese wine has high acidity, high tannins, medium body and medium alcohol.

Red Cherries and Wild Berries are typical Sangiovese flavors, with hints of Flowers (Violets), Licorice, Spices, Tea, and Minerals.

With aging, Darker Berries, Sweeter Cherry, Plum, and Herb flavors are added.

Typical Flavors

Red Cherry
Red
Cherry
Strawberry
Strawberry
Raspberry
Raspberry
Cranberry
Cranberry

Oak Added Flavors:

Vanilla
Vanilla
Coffee
Coffee
Cinnamon
Cinnamon
Tobacco
Tobacco