Méthode Champenoise is the method used to produce French Champagne.
With Méthode Champenoise (the production method of Champagne), the first fermentation takes place in a tank, and a second fermentation takes place in the bottle.
Adding CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) is not allowed.
The second fermentation starts by adding yeast (Saccharomyces Cerevisiae) and sugar to the bottle, and after about 1 year, the bubbles are completely developed.
The legend credit a Benedictine monk, Dom Pérignon (1639-1715), for inventing sparkling wine when he bottled a wine before fermentation, but the oldest recorded sparkling wine is Blanquette de Limoux from 1531.
The method is used for:
Méthode Champenoise is now reserved (by EU) for wines produced in Champagne:
|Brut Nature (Brut Zero)||0-3||3|
|Extra Dry (Extra Sec, Extra Seco)||12-17||10|
|Dry (Sec, Seco)||17-32||20|
|Doux (Sweet, Dulce)||50+||30+|