Vernatch is a red wine grape originally cultivated in the Italian regions of Alto Adige (South Tyrol) and Trentino.
It is known as Trollinger in Germany, Vernatsch in Alto Adige (South Tyrol) and Schiava in other Italian regions.
In Alto Adige (South Tyrol), Vernatch is a grape in several DOC's (Denominazione di Origine Controllata).
The best known is the Santa Maddalena DOC located east of the city of Bolzano in the South Tyrol/Alto Adige region.
In Italy, the grape is also called Schiava in several DOC's.
The best known are:
|Alto Adige / Südtirol Schiava DOC|
|Minimum 85% Schiava (Grossa and/or Gentile) + OARG|
|Valdadige / Etschtaler Schiava DOC|
|Minimum 85% Schiava + OANRG|
|Trentino Schiava DOC|
|Minimum 85% Schiava (Gentile, Grigia, and/or Grossa) + OANRG|
|Trentino Schiava Gentile DOC|
|Minimum 85% Schiava Gentile + OANRG|
|Lago di Caldaro / Caldaro / Kalterersee / Kalterer DOC|
|Minimum 85% Schiava (Gentile, Grigia, and/or Grossa) + OARG|
The most popular Trollinger grapes in Germany are the high yielding Schiava Grossa clone.
The majority of Geman Trollinger growns in the Württemberg region around the town of Stuttgart and in the the Neckar valley.
This is the fifth largest wine region in Germany with nearly a third of all plantings is Trollinger.
As a grape from Italy, Germany, and Austria, Vernatch has many synonyms:
|St. Magdalener DOC||Schiava Gentile||Italy|
|Frankenthaler Blau||Schiava Gentile||Germany|
|Koelner Blau Blau||Schiava Gentile||Germany|
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