Pinot Noir is considered a world`s classic red wine grape (Diva grape).
Pinot Noir put Burgundy region on the wine map.
Burgundy is located in the North East of France which translates into "cool climate" or "slow ripening".
Pinot Noir thrives in cooler regions all over the world.
Pinot Noir is a thin-skinned grape and, as a consequence, the color of the wine is
light red. Thin skin means also low tannins.
The grape belongs to a large family of wines including Pinot Blanc (Pinot Bianco) and Pinot Gris (Pinot Grigio).
Pinot Noir is notorious as a ‘difficult’ grape. It grows in thick clusters, which makes it vulnerable to rot, mildew and other diseases.
The Pinot Noir cluster resembles the shape of a pine cone (pinot = cone).
This red grape can be vinified in red, rosé and sparkling wines.
We all know that Chardonnay is the main grape for the Champagne production, but, it is Pinot Noir the most planted grape in the Champagne region and it is a major ingredient in many Champagne and Franciacorta sparkling wines and especially in Blanc de Noir which means white (wine) made from 100% black (grapes).
Champagne producers press the skin off the grapes right away to not retain color and tannins. By quickly separating the skins from the juice you prevent the black pigment to be transferred to the wine.
Some producers make Pinot Noir with a technique called "Whole Cluster Fermentation", where the entire grape bunch, including the stems, goes into the fermentation. This adds extra tannins to the wine.
Pinor Noir originates from Burgundy in France.
It has monopolized for centuries this region to become known as Red Burgundy.
Chardonnay is also known as White Burgundy.
The most expensive Pinot Noir wines in the world come from here: Côte d´Or (Côte de Nuits and Côte de Beaune) in the North of Burgundy.
In Austria, most of the Pinot Noir is produced in Burgenland wine region, South of Vienna. Best kept secret: lot of quality for the money.
In Germany, Pinot Noir is the most widely planted red grape.
In Italy, most Pinot Noir is planted in Trentino, Alto Adige, Friuli, and Veneto.
Pinot Noir also plays a main role in Franciacorta.
In Switzerland, Pinot Noir is the most widely planted red grape.
Pinor Noir trives in the cooler climates of Argentina, especially in Patagonia (Rio Negro).
Dry-cool climate (keeps healthy this disease-prone grape), longer growing season, desert soil, temperature dropping in the night (ensuring good acidity) are the keys of its success.
Patagonian Pinot Noir grapes were originally planted to supply the bubble industry of Mendoza, where Moet Chandon is a big player.
In Australia, Pinot Noir is growing in several areas both in West and South.
Pinor Noir trives well in the cooler climates of Chile.
Pinot Noir is New Zealand's second largest grape variety (after Sauvingnon Blanc).
The cold climate of Oregon and North California is perfect for growing Pinot Noir.
Best regions are the Willamette Valley of Oregon, Sonoma County, Santa Cruz Mountains and Santa Barbara in California.
In South Africa, Pinot Noir is the most widely planted red grape.