Cards of Wine

Vermouth (Italy)

Martini

Vermouth is an aromatized fortified wine often used in cocktails.

Serving Temperature

4°C (40°F)
As cold as possible

Typical Flavors


Lemon Zest
Lemon Zest
Orange Zest
Orange Zest
Herbs
Herbs
Rhubarb
Bitter Herbs

Rosemary
Rosemary
Flowers
White
Flowers
Cinnamon
Cinnamon
Anise
Anise

Wormwood, Coriander, Rosemary, Citrus Peel, Sage, Chamomile and other medicinal herbs are typical flavors.

About Vermouth

This fortified wine originated in Italy in the 16th century for medical purposes.

The word Vermouth comes from the German word for wormwood, a plant used for medical purposes for thousands of years.

Wormwood is also an ingredient in the liquor Absinthe.

For almost a century, was the use of wormwood banned in Europe and USA because wrongly thought to be an addictive psychoactive drug and hallucinogen.

Recently it was discovered that this was a misconception and that the health issues were due to fortified wine overconsumption.

Vermouth is flavored with 50 different ingredients such wormwood, quinine, citrus peels, roots, flowers and local herbs.

Provence and Languedoc in Southern France are known for the production of a Dry and White style.

Turin in the Piedmont region of Italy is known for the production of a Sweet and Red style.

Small wineries in the West Coast of USA began around 1998 to produce American Vermouth and they tend to avoid wormwood by choice.

Vermouth Production

Ingredients:

Vermouth is usually produced with low-alcohol white wines from grapes Trebbiano, Catarratto, Piquepoul, Clairette Blanche and Bianchetta Trevigiana.

Vermouth production has 2 ways: Maceration or Infusion.

Maceration: the fortified wine and the botanical ingredients are kept in a barrel for 45 days and stirred regularly to stimulate the extraction of flavors.

Infusion: the botanical flavors are extracted directly into the spirit through distillation. After that, the aromatized spirit is added to the wine base.

Before bottling the fortidfied wine is filtered and pasteurized.

Vermouth is to be drunk young as it does not mature in bottle.

Vermouth in Cocktails

When a secret is better than a patent!

The recipes of Vermouth are kept secret just like the recipe of Coca Cola.

Some formulas are known to but one person who will pass it to the heirs after death.

Piemonte (Piedmont)

Piemonte has been an important wine province since Roman times. The area is influenced both culturally and climatically by the Alps in the north, and the Ligurian coast in the south.

Piemonte

Nebbiolo (the power of the Barolo and Barbaresco) is the most famous grape of Piemonte, followed by the red grapes Barbera and Dolcetto.

For whites, Cortese and Arneis are the most popular grapes.

For dessert, the off-dry, sparkling Moscato d'Asti is the queen.

The most important wine regions are:

  • Asti (Barbera d'Asti)
  • Langhe (Nebbiolo, Barolo, Barbaresco, Barbera di Alba, Dolcetto, Roero)
  • Monferrato (Barbera del Monferrat, Nizza, Cortese di Gavi)
  • North (Gattinara, Ghemme)

Piemonte's DOCG regions:

Provence

Red Wines:

Palette

Rosé Wines:

Bandol
Provence Rosé

Fortified Wines:

Vermouth

Languedoc-Roussuillon

Alcohol can be addictive. Drink in moderation.

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